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5 'Quick Facts' about Turbosmart Wastegates

5 'Quick Facts' about Turbosmart Wastegates

Turbosmart External Wastegates could be the one performance product that are misunderstood in the car community. Understanding them properly will help you choose which one you will need for your build. Wastegates regulate boost by allowing exhaust gasses to bypass the turbocharger’s turbine, therefore, making sure the compressor does not spin too quickly and produce too much boost. Here is Goleby's 5 Quick facts about Turbosmart Wastegates:

  1. Wastegate spring pressure controls the lowest boost.
  2. Placement of the Wastegate Matters.
  3. Gen-V Wastegates have a Rotational Actuator.
  4. The Turbosmart range is more than simple external wastegates.
  5. Boost control in turbochargers is achieved through bypassing exhaust gases around the turbo, through the use of a wastegate.

1. Wastegate spring pressure controls the lowest boost.

The Turbosmart Pneumatic Wastegate range has interchangeable springs to control the desired lowest boost you are wanting to run in conjunction with a boost controller. While many people may think this is the highest boost pressure the wastegate can handle, this is wrong. 

For example: If you keep the standard 14psi spring, your wastegate will open at 14psi of pressure from the actuator. Any pressure lower than that will not overcome the spring force, and it will remain closed. 

There are various factors involved in achieving your target boost pressure including:

- The size of the spring fitted in your wastegate i.e. the boost pressure achieved by the wastegate spring only.
- The desired level of boost pressure and the difference between this and your wastegate spring pressure.
- The size of your turbocharger and wastegate and the resulting exhaust manifold backpressure in your system

2. Placement of the Wastegate Matters. 

There are many factors that will increase your overall performance of your hot side, one of these is the placement of the wastegate in conjunction with your manifold & turbo. You want the flow to the wastegate to be a smooth transition from the current exhaust gases flow path. 

 

Turbosmart range

 

3. Gen-V Wastegates have a Rotational Actuator.

While most people will not need to, it is possible to change the orientation of your Turbosmart Wastegate if you need to clearances for your fittings or hoses. 

How to rotate your wastegate actuator:

Locate the slave collar between the actuator and the body underneath the heatshield, A tab on the heatshield will be folded down into a groove on this collar. Using a flat blade screwdriver, pry this tab out of the groove allowing the collar to be loosened.  
Using the small end of the supplied collar tool undo the slave collar 1 complete revolution (anti-clockwise as viewed from the bottom). One tab on the heatshield at the back of the wastegate is folded up to locate on the actuator, rotate the actuator to desired location ensuring the folded tab aligns with a groove in the bottom of the actuator. It is possible to fold down this tab and use another if the actuator cannot be positioned correctly on the original tab.

Turbosmart does NOT recommend altering to position of the  
actuator once the wastegate has been used.  
It is recommended that the actuator be clocked without a  
valve seat installed to prevent twisting the diaphragm.

4. The Turbosmart range are more than just simple external wastegates.

Turbosmart range
Whether you have one big single turbo, twin turbo, supercharged or even internally gated turbo, Turbosmart will have a wastegate to suit your needs. 
The most popular Turbosmart Wastegate we sell at Goleby's might be the HyperGate45 but this doesn't mean that's all there is.
Turbosmart has a range of external wastegates that range from 38mm all the way up to 76mm in the StraightGate. The new electronically controlled wastegates eliminate the need to change springs when adjusting boost levels and gives you and your tuner ultimate control on boost pressure and offering conventional wastegate design or their StraightGates to fit with your custom set ups where space could get tricky. 
Cars with factory turbos can also benefit with the range of internal wastegate actuators from Turbosmart as well as cars that need lower pressures such as supercharged applications. 

5. Boost control in turbochargers is achieved through bypassing exhaust gases around the turbo, through the use of a wastegate.

This one comes directly from Turbosmart themselves.

"If you look at some modern race engines, this is exactly what is happening: the wastegate on the exhaust has been removed, and an air bypass valve has been added to the intake for boost control – but this style of boost control is not without its downsides, the most obvious of which is depending on the physical size of the turbo’s exhaust housing, is that the turbo can quickly become a choke point for engine airflow. 

There is a lot more to unpack here about turbocharger sizing, exhaust flow rates, choke points, compressor maps and that sort of thing, but for now – I’m just going to leave it here and say that typically, boost control in turbochargers is achieved through bypassing exhaust gases around the turbo through the use of a wastegate which is very different from boost control used on superchargers where boost is controlled by the size of the pulley on the front of the supercharger and then a bypass valve on the intake manifold that releases some of the boost pressure.

So now we have a bit of an understanding of how boost is created and how a wastegate or bypass valve can reduce the amount of boost in the intake manifold, we probably should talk about the actual devices we use to tell that wastegate or bypass valve when to open and how much air to bleed off. These devices, not surprisingly, are called boost controllers, and they too come in many shapes and sizes from simple mechanical bleed taps to complex computer-controlled electronic control systems."

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